The Amazon covers most of the Amazon basin of South America. This basin encompasses 7.000.000 km2 / 2.700.000 sq mi, of which 5.500.000 km2 / 2.100.000 sq mi are covered by the rainforest. This region includes territory belonging to nine nations. Most of the forest is contained within Brazil, with 60% of the rainforest, followed by Peru with 13%, Colombia with 10%, and with minor amounts in Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
The Amazon has drawn a lot of attention due to burnings. Building of roads an invasion of colonists is also threatening the Amazon.
Viking Expedition focuses on the Amazon in the southern part of Peru. The Amazon covers half of Peru’s area, but only about five percent – about one and a half million people, lives in the vast tropical lowlands between the Andes and the borders of Brazil and Bolivia. Most people live in the three departmental capitals of Puerto Maldonado in the south, Pucallpa in central Amazon and Iquitos in the north.
In contrast, the relatively few people living outside the cities of the Amazon have a huge impact on the jungle. Highland settlers are clearing land to make room for agriculture and mining, and loggers and oil industry are entering the previously untouched tropical forest. The Amazon is thus changing, but there is still the opportunity to experience the jungle’s wildlife and plant life in a relatively original state.